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曹莉萍,周冯琦.纽约弹性城市建设经验及对上海的启示.生态学报,2018,(1).http://dx.doi.org/10.5846/stxb201612272681  
纽约弹性城市建设经验及对上海的启示
Enlightenment due to elastic construction in New York City for Shanghai
投稿时间:2016-12-27  修订日期:2017-07-29
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201612272681
关键词弹性建设  纽约市  经验  启示
Key Wordselastic construction  New York City  experience  enlightenment
基金项目国家社科基金重大资助项目(12&ZD081)
作者单位E-mail
曹莉萍 上海社会科学院生态与可持续发展研究所 clp-ww@163.com 
周冯琦 上海社会科学院生态与可持续发展研究所  
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摘要:
面临气候变化带来的全球性环境、社会、经济灾难,许多国家、地区都制定了应对方案并采取行动。与上海市有着同样区位优势的纽约市,作为全球城市在有关气候变化的城市治理方面一直处于国际领先地位,引领全球城市开展弹性城市建设。在总结纽约弹性城市建设发展历程基础上,分析纽约市弹性城市建设所面临的挑战和机遇,未来100年总目标及其包含4个分目标,以及实现这4个分目标的具体措施。最后,对比纽约市与上海市的相似性,从弹性城市项目建设、投融资、区域合作、政府治理这四个方面为上海市弹性城市建设带来启示。
Abstract:
Because of environmental, social, and economic disasters due to climate change worldwide, many countries and regions have forged responses and taken action. New York City, a global city, has always been the international leader with respect to urban governance related to climate change worldwide, and it leads global cities with respect to urban elastic construction. In this study, the challenges and opportunities of urban elastic construction in New York City were analyzed on the basis of a summary of its previous construction and development process. In addition, the overall objective and four major sub-goals with specific measures for the next 100 years have been discussed. Finally, after comparing the similarities between New York City and Shanghai, enlightenment for urban elastic construction in Shanghai has been discussed on the basis of the following four aspects: project construction, investment and financing, regional cooperation, and government management.
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