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张健,胡健波.无人机遥感在生态学中的应用:研究进展与展望.生态学报,2018,(1).http://dx.doi.org/10.5846/stxb201612092538  
无人机遥感在生态学中的应用:研究进展与展望
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle remote sensing in ecology: Advances and prospects
投稿时间:2016-12-09  修订日期:2017-08-07
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201612092538
关键词无人机遥感, 近地面遥感,生物多样性监测, 保护生物学, 空间生态学
Key WordsUAV-based remote sensing, near-surface remote sensing, biodiversity monitoring, conservation biology, spatial ecology
基金项目国家自然科学基金面上项目(31670439);中组部千人计划青年人才项目
作者单位E-mail
张健 华东师范大学生态与环境科学学院 jzhang@des.ecnu.edu.cn 
胡健波 交通运输部天津水运工程科学研究所  
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全文下载次数 72
摘要:
无人机与遥感技术的结合,即无人机遥感. 与传统的卫星和有人机遥感相比,无人机遥感具有高时效、高时空分辨率、云下低空飞行、高机动性等优势,是传统遥感手段所无法比拟的. 这些优点使得无人机在生态学和保护生物学等领域获得迅速发展. 本文首先对无人机遥感技术的发展历程、系统组成、分类与选型、应用优势等进行了介绍。在此基础上,我们对无人机在生态学中的应用案例进行了总结,内容涉及生境监测、植物物候调查、动物监测等方面。最后通过比较国内外相关领域的研究进展对无人机生态学存在的问题(技术门槛较高和法律法规不完善等)和潜在应用前景进行了探讨.
Abstract:
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV or drone) equipped with sensors has been recently emerging as a new platform for remote sensing. Compared with satellite and airborne remote sensing techniques, drones can fly at low altitudes and at slow speeds, allowing them to take ultra-high spatial resolution imagery as frequently as needed. Owing to above advantages, drones has been rapidly applied in ecology and conservation biology. In this review, we first briefly introduced the history of drone technology, the composition and classification of drone platform, and its advantages in different research fields. Then, we gave an overall review of recent progress in drone ecology, and the research fields include habitat monitoring, plant phenology survey, animal monitoring and so on. Finally, by analysing the current status of this emerging field, we discussed the limitations on drone imagery analysis and regulations, and potential application prospects.
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