首页关于本刊影响因子及获奖投稿须知订阅及广告专辑与专题学术会议绿色发表通道优秀论文 
说明:
此论文已被《生态学报》录用,现已优先出版,可查看文章PDF版本!
谢馨瑶,李爱农,靳华安.大尺度森林碳循环过程模拟模型综述.生态学报,2018,(1).http://dx.doi.org/10.5846/stxb201612122550  
大尺度森林碳循环过程模拟模型综述
The simulation models of the forest carbon cycle on a large scale: a review
投稿时间:2016-12-12  修订日期:2017-07-27
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201612122550
关键词森林生态系统  碳循环  过程模拟模型  大尺度
Key Wordsforest ecosystem  carbon cycle  process simulation model  large scale
基金项目国家自然科学基金项目(41631180、41671376、41571373、41301385); 国家重点研发计划(2016YFA0600103)
作者单位E-mail
谢馨瑶 中国科学院大学 中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 xiexinyao15@mails.ucas.ac.cn 
李爱农 中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 ainongli@imde.ac.cn 
靳华安 中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所  
摘要点击次数 49
全文下载次数 11
摘要:
森林生态系统碳循环是全球陆地生态系统碳循环的重要组成部分,而碳循环模型已经成为研究森林碳循环的必要手段。森林碳循环模型可以分为统计模型和过程模型,其中过程模型以其完整的理论框架、严谨的结构分析和清晰的过程机理,逐渐占据了主导地位。从地球化学过程模型、陆面物理过程模型和生物过程模型等三个方面综述区域尺度到全球尺度(本文称为大尺度)森林碳循环过程模型研究进展,论述了各类模型的主要特征、优缺点以及应用现状,探讨了森林碳循环模拟研究中存在的问题,并讨论了森林碳循环过程模型的主流研究方向。可为不同空间尺度下森林生态系统碳循环模拟模型的选择提供参考,以及为森林碳循环研究提供借鉴。
Abstract:
The carbon cycle in forest ecosystems is an important part of the global terrestrial ecosystem carbon cycle, and models have become a necessary means used to study the forest carbon cycle. Forest carbon cycle models can be classified into statistical models and process models, and the latter have gradually become dominant due to their complete theoretical framework, rigorous structural analysis, and clear process mechanism. This paper reviews the studies on forest carbon cycle process models on a large scale from three aspects: geochemical process models, terrestrial physical process models, and biological process models. Their main features, advantages, and application status are summarized, and the limitations of these models are also discussed systematically. Geochemical process models focus on the cycle process of important elements (such as carbon, nitrogen, and water) among the vegetation, litter, and soil organic matter, which can be used to simulate the forest carbon balance, vegetation productivity, and nutrient utilization. Terrestrial physical process models focus on the process of energy and momentum exchange between vegetation and the external environment under different atmospheric conditions,which emphasize the interaction between climate and vegetation. Meanwhile, complex processes are considered by terrestrial physical process models, including reflection, absorption, scattering, transmission, and other processes. Biological process models, focus on the analysis of vegetation composition, distribution characteristics, and dynamic changes under different environmental conditions. Biological process models can be further divided into biogeographic models, light-use efficiency models, and dynamic vegetation models. In this review, the existing problems associated with the simulation of forest carbon cycle processes are discussed, such as the uncertainty of input data and model mechanism, scale effect, and topographic effect, which need to be further studied. One of the main problems is the uncertainty of input data, which affects the accuracy of forest carbon cycle process simulation. Furthermore, the uncertainty of model mechanism also makes the simulation difficult. Another issue is the scale effect associated with the mismatch among the observation, model, and surface process scales. The scale effect may cause contrasting results in the simulation of forest carbon cycle processes. Note that there exists obvious topographic effects on simulation models in complex terrains. Finally, the prospects of implementing these models into future studies are discussed. When ignoring the feedback effect of vegetation on atmosphere, geochemical process models are suitable for the simulation of carbon budget on a regional scale, and the biogeographic models are suitable for the study of vegetation distribution characteristics on a global scale. However, under the current background of global change, in order to meet the various needs of forest carbon cycle simulation, such as carbon budget, evapotranspiration process, vegetation succession process, and vegetation feedback to the atmosphere, the terrestrial physical process models and the dynamic global vegetation models will be used as the mainstream research into forest carbon cycle process models in the future. This review can be served as a reference when selecting models for forest ecosystem carbon cycle simulation at various spatial scales.
HTML 查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器

您是本站第 64441146 位访问者

Copyright © 2005-2019   京ICP备06018880号
地址:北京海淀区双清路18号
  邮编:100085    电话:010-62941099
  E-mail : shengtaixuebao@rcees.ac.cn
本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司提供技术支持