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曾宏达,徐涵秋,刘智才,黄向华,肖苏麟.快速城市化地区住宅用地表层土壤有机碳的变异性及其影响因素——以福州南台岛为例.生态学报,2018,(4).http://dx.doi.org/10.5846/stxb201701030017  
快速城市化地区住宅用地表层土壤有机碳的变异性及其影响因素——以福州南台岛为例
Variability of soil organic carbon and factors affecting it in residential lands in a rapidly urbanizing area: A case study of Nantai Island of Fuzhou City, China
投稿时间:2017-01-03  修订日期:2017-10-26
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201701030017
关键词快速城市化  住宅用地  土壤有机碳密度  福州
Key Wordsrapid urbanization  residential land  soil organic carbon density  Fuzhou
基金项目国家自然科学基金项目(31200366,31400609)资助
作者单位E-mail
曾宏达 福建师范大学 hongda_z@hotmail.com 
徐涵秋 福州大学 hxu@fzu.edu.cn 
刘智才 福州大学  
黄向华 福建师范大学  
肖苏麟 福建师范大学  
摘要点击次数 61
全文下载次数 6
摘要:
在高分辨率影像提取福州市南台岛(仓山区)住宅用地的基础上,从覆盖研究区的30m×30m网格中随机选择50个样方进行表层土壤取样,进而分析这一快速城市化地区住宅用地表层土壤有机碳密度(Soil organic carbon density, SOCD)的变异特征及其影响因素。结果表明:城市地区住宅用地在剧烈的人类活动干扰下,土壤呈现明显的空间变异特征,其SOCD平均值为33.814t/hm2,变异系数达72.8%,其中郊区村镇住宅用地0-20cm土层的SOCD高于城市居住用地72%,预示着村镇就地城市化后将造成土壤碳储量的下降;然而,表层土壤有机碳含量与密度在建成时间为0-5年和5-10年的城市住宅小区间无显著差异,只有住宅建成时间达到10-15年才有显著提高。基于湿度、热度、绿化率与物业管理费等因子构建的城市住宅区绿化环境管理质量指标,与城市居住区表层土壤有机碳含量及密度存在显著正相关,与土壤容重呈显著负相关,成为快速城市化地区影响SOCD变异的另一主要因素。
Abstract:
Humanity today is experiencing a dramatic shift to urban living. Land coverage changes to build cities and to support the demands of urban populations themselves drive other types of environmental change. Urban development is associated with physical changes to the landscape, such as increased impervious surface area and the replacement of natural vegetation with lawns, which can positively or negatively alter soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks. However, little is known about the characteristics and potential drivers of SOC variability in urban areas. Urban plus rural residential lands are one of the largest land use zones in a city and its suburban area. Therefore, one would expect changes in SOC stocks with the residential land use changes such as urbanization. In this study, residential land information was extracted from high resolution imagery of Nantai Island in the Cangshan District, Fuzhou City, then 50 soil sampling plots were randomly selected from residential sites based on a 30 m × 30-m sampling grid covering the island. Variability of soil organic carbon density (SOCD) in residential sites and its affecting factors were analyzed in this rapidly urbanizing area. The results indicated that because of an intense interference by human activities, soil in urban residential areas has a strong spatial heterogeneity. Average SOCD was 33.814 t/hm2, with a variation coefficient of 72.8%. The SOCD in the surface layer (0–20 cm) of the rural residential area was 72% higher than that of urban residential land, which indicated that SOC stocks declined with the situ urbanization in the rural area. However, both SOC content and density in the 10–15 year group of housing developments were significantly higher than those in the group with housing developments less than 10 years old, although there was no significant difference between the 0–5 and 5–10-year housing developments. The recovery of urban residential SOC stock, compared to rural residential, requires longer accumulation time. A composite index developed in this study for urban residential green space management quality, which combined humidity, heat, green coverage ratio, and property management fees by a principal component analysis, showed a significant linear positive correlation with SOC content and density, and negative correlation with bulk density. Therefore, residential green space management was another factor affecting SOCD variation in a rapidly urbanizing area. Although the conversion of rural residential into urban residential land will lead to SOCD declines because of the reduction of exogenous organic material input, the living environment has been improved, and the management of green space also contributes to the improvement of urban soil quality.
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