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胡媛媛,朱纪元,闫龙,曹阳,高梅香,卢廷玉.温带落叶阔叶林地表鞘翅目成虫小尺度空间格局动态分析.生态学报,2018,(5).http://dx.doi.org/10.5846/stxb201702200272  
温带落叶阔叶林地表鞘翅目成虫小尺度空间格局动态分析
Dynamic analysis in spatial pattern of adult Coleoptera communities at fine scale in a temperate deciduous broad-leaved forest
投稿时间:2017-02-20  修订日期:2017-10-18
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201702200272
关键词小尺度  空间格局  动态分析  鞘翅目  帽儿山  温带落叶阔叶林
Key Wordsfine scale  spatial pattern  dynamic analysis  Coleoptera  Maoershan Mountain  temperate deciduous broad-leaved forest
基金项目国家自然科学(41471037,41371072,41430857); 黑龙江省普通本科高等学校青年创新人才培养计划(UNPYSCT-2015054); 哈尔滨师范大学青年学术骨干资助计划项目(KGB201204)
作者单位E-mail
胡媛媛 哈尔滨师范大学地理科学学院 hyy126yx@126.com 
朱纪元 哈尔滨师范大学地理科学学院  
闫龙 哈尔滨师范大学地理科学学院  
曹阳 哈尔滨师范大学 地理科学学院  
高梅香 哈尔滨师范大学地理科学学院  
卢廷玉 哈尔滨师范大学地理科学学院 lutingyu@sina.com 
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摘要:
土壤动物空间格局是格局—过程以及生物多样性维持机制研究的重要基础,目前小尺度空间土壤动物空间格局动态特征仍不清楚。基于地统计空间分析方法,以鞘翅目成虫为研究对象,研究帽儿山温带落叶阔叶林小尺度空间(5m)地表鞘翅目成虫群落及类群的空间格局动态特征。结果表明:4次调查共捕获鞘翅目成虫11科、29类、1021只个体,调查月份鞘翅目成虫群落具有较强的时空变异性;Moran''s I系数表明鞘翅目成虫群落和类群具有复杂的正的空间自相关性,其空间异质性可用球状、指数、高斯和线性模型进行拟合。这种空间异质性具有一定的时间变化特征,且这种空间分异是由随机性因素单一调控或结构性因素和随机性因素共同调控的结果;类群之间在多种尺度上表现为复杂的以负相关居多的空间关联性,这种空间关联性的形成主要是结构性因素或随机性因素单一调控的结果。本实验表明地表鞘翅目成虫群落在小尺度空间具有明显的空间异质性特征,这种空间异质性时间变异性较明显。
Abstract:
Spatial patterns are an important consideration in soil animal community ecology, as they form the base for pattern-process research and the mechanism of biodiversity maintenance in the soil animal community. Spatial patterns of soil animals have been studied over several years, but remain unclear at small scales. Spatial explicit research based on geostatistics helps to reveal the spatial patterns of soil animals at different spatial and temporal scales. This study was conducted to investigate the dynamics in the spatial patterns of adult Coleoptera communities in a temperate deciduous broad-leaved forest at Maoershan Forest Ecological Station, Heilongjiang Province. Three replicates (5m×5m plots for Sample A, Sample B, and Sample C) were set up. Each sample plot was divided into 25 squares with 1m×1m subplots. Geostatistical methods were used to reveal the spatial patterns dynamic of Coleoptera communities. Pitfall traps were used to collect the ground-adult Coleoptera beetles. This study was conducted in August and October in 2014 and in June and October in 2015. Global Morans I index was used to explain the spatial autocorrelation of the abundance of Coleoptera communities and groups. Spatial semi-variogram was used to determine the spatial heterogeneity of the abundance of Coleoptera communities and groups. Furthermore, a combination of a cross-variogram was performed to identify the spatial relationships between different Coleoptera groups, while the ordinary kriging method was used to map the spatial pattern of the abundances of Coleoptera communities and species. The main results are as follows: the survey captured 1021 individuals belonging to 11 families and 29 groups. Coleoptera adult communities showed significant spatial and temporal variations at different survey times. The coefficient of variation indicated that the Coleoptera communities had strong spatial variability at all survey times. Moran''s I coefficient results showed that the abundances of adult Coleoptera communities and a relatively small proportion of the Coleoptera groups at each survey time had significantly positive spatial autocorrelations. The spatial model could be fitted by Spherical, Exponential, Gaussian, and Linear models. According to the C/C0 C values, spatial heterogeneities of the communities and groups were mainly influenced by random factors or a combination of structured and random factors. The structure proportions of some groups showed a pure nugget effect resulting from sampling errors or spatial variability occurring within the minimum distance interval (1 m). For each community, the results of cross-variogram showed that the spatial relationships between different adult Coleoptera groups were complex at multiple scales, and non-existent, positive, or mostly negative spatial relationships were all observed. The C/C0 C values demonstrated that the spatial differentiation of adult Coleoptera groups were mainly influenced by structured factors or random factors. Maps of ordinary kriging interpolation showed that the spatial patterns of Coleoptera communities were significantly different at different survey times. These results showed that adult Coleoptera communities obviously aggregated in spatial distribution at a small scale (5 m). Spatial relationships between different groups were complex and unstable. In summary, the above-ground Coleoptera adult community has obvious spatial heterogeneity at the small scale, and the dynamic spatial heterogeneity is obvious. However, this study was conducted at a fine scale of 5 m×5 m, and studies at both larger and much finer spatial scales are needed.
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