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周佳雯,高吉喜,高志球,杨伟超.森林生态系统水源涵养服务功能解析.生态学报,2018,(5).http://dx.doi.org/10.5846/stxb201701180159  
森林生态系统水源涵养服务功能解析
Analyzing the Forest Ecosystem Water Conservation Service Function
投稿时间:2017-01-18  修订日期:2017-10-19
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201701180159
关键词水源涵养  区域  主导服务
Key Wordswater conservation  region  leading service  
基金项目重要生态功能区退化生态系统修复模式研究与应用示范(201409055)
作者单位E-mail
周佳雯 南京信息工程大学 461030232@qq.com 
高吉喜 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所 gjx@nies.org 
高志球 南京信息工程大学  
杨伟超 南京信息工程大学  
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摘要:
森林水源涵养功能作为森林生态系统服务的一个重要方面,在国内的研究已有数十年的历史。多数研究中将森林水源涵养功能狭义地等同于森林对降雨的拦蓄能力或对径流的调节能力,而忽略了其对各水文过程的整体性作用以及对气象和土壤因子的综合性影响。此外,在不同研究区域中,对于森林水源涵养功能的理解和研究方法往往一概而论,并未考虑研究区域的自然条件特性和社会经济特征,这使得研究结果的区域针对性不足,限制了对其进一步的应用推广。针对上述问题,本文在全面分析森林水源涵养的含义和特征之后,定义了不同区域的水源涵养功能内涵和主导服务,并给出了不同区域森林水源涵养功能的适宜计算方法,以期为不同区域森林水源涵养功能的全面提升和水源涵养林生态修复工程提供科学依据。
Abstract:
As an important aspect of forest ecosystem services, the forest water conservation function has been researched in China for several decades. In most of the studies, the forest water conservation function was nearly equivalent to the ability of the forest to store rain or regulate the runoff, which neglected its comprehensive influence to other hydrological processes, as well as to both weather and soil factors. In addition, the understanding and research methods of forest water conservation function were often generalized in different research areas. The natural conditions and socio-economic characteristics of the study area were not taken into account, which weakened the regional pertinency of the research results and restricted their further application. In order to provide a scientific reference for the all-sided improvement of forest water conservation function and the forest ecological restoration projects in various regions, this paper comprehensively analyzes the conceptions and characteristics of forest water conservation, defines the different components of the regional water conservation function and leading service, and offers suitable calculation methods of the forest water conservation function in different regions.
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