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魏 伟,石培基,魏晓旭,周俊菊.中国陆地经济与生态环境协调发展空间演变.生态学报,2018,(8).http://dx.doi.org/10.5846/stxb201705020796  
中国陆地经济与生态环境协调发展空间演变
Evaluation on the Coordinated Development of Economy and Eco-environment Systems and Spatial Evolution in China
投稿时间:2017-05-02  修订日期:2017-11-30
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201705020796
关键词生态系统服务价值  经济与生态环境协调度  空间演变模式  中国陆地
Key Wordseco-service value  economic and ecological coordination  special evolution pattern  China land
基金项目国家自然科学(No.41661084)、甘肃省自然科学(No.1506RJZA129)、西北师范大学青年教师科研能力提升计划项目(No.SKQNYB14032)共同资助。
作者单位E-mail
魏 伟 西北师范大学 地理与环境科学学院 weiweigis2006@126.com 
石培基 西北师范大学 shipj@nwnu.edu.cn 
魏晓旭 西北师范大学 地理与环境科学学院  
周俊菊 兰州城市学院 城市经济与旅游文化学院  
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摘要:
以中国陆地2853个县(区)为基本研究单元,以中国县级GDP数据和全国1km格网土地利用数据为基础,通过构建ESV模型、YEEH模型和EEHC模型,依据ESV和GDP单位面积变化计算中国陆地经济与生态环境协调度,并借助ArcGIS10.1平台对YEEH和EEHC栅格数据进行空间分析,以此来表征和揭示中国陆地经济发展与生态环境系统的相关关系和演变特征。研究表明:①自1980年以来中国经济发展快速,GDP持续增长,单位面积上GDP增长也十分明显,全国呈现东南沿海增长速度明显高于中、西部地区,中部地区又高于西部地区的特征;②陆地生态系统服务价值自1980年的6.591万亿元增加到2010年的6.958万亿元,增长了5.5%;从空间分布来看,中国陆地单位面积生态系统服务价值分布特点为中东部地区较高,西部地区较低;从生态系统服务服务价值增量或变化情况来看,中国陆地单位面积ESV年均增长2.04%,且西部地区增长速度快于中东部地区;③中国陆地经济与生态环境协调发展度逐渐好转,呈现出东北地区好于西部地区,西部地区好于中、东部地区的空间格局,反映出当面社会经济活动与自然生态环境关系之间总体上还是向着可持续的方向在发展;④中国陆地经济与生态环境协调发展的空间分布状态从1980年的低于均值聚集模式发展变化到2010年的高—低两种聚集模式共同分布;⑤中国陆地经济社会与生态环境发展协调度当前整体上趋于好转,但在区域分布上空间差异较为明显,西部地区在保护生态环境的同时需大力发展经济,而东中部地区则需在发展经济的同时注重生态保持与修复,中国的经济发展与生态环境建设工作依然任重而道远。
Abstract:
Based on the Gross Domestic Product(GDP)data and 1km×1km land use data in the periods of 1980, 1990,2000 and 2010,and taking 2853 counties or districts as basic units, this paper builds models such as ESV,YEEH and EEHC. The coordination between economy and eco-environment was calculated according to the per unit area change of ESV and GDP. Spatial analysis of massive vector and raster data were done within the environment of ArcGIS 10.1. The YEEH index and the EEHC index reveal the relationship between economic development and eco-environment system of China and its evolution. Furthermore, the spatial statistic method was used to analyze the spatial model of EEHC. The results are shown as follows. (1) Since 1980, GDP growth in China is fast and the GDP per unit area also grow fast. The distribution of GDP in China''s South-East coastal area is higher than that in the western and central China, and the central parts also higher than that in western. (2) The ecological service value of China increased from 6.591 trillion yuan in 1980 to 6.958 trillion yuan in 2010,which account for 5.5%. Seen from the spatial distribution, the distribution of land ecosystem service value per unit area in central and characteristics for central and eastern regions is higher, and the value in the western region is lower. Seen from the increase and change situation ,China''s per unit area land ESV grow by an average of 2.04% per year, and the growing speed in western region is faster than central and eastern regions.(3)The coordination between economy and eco-environment become better and better. The EEHC in northern is batter than that in western region, and the EEHC in western is better than that in central and eastern region, which reflects the sustainable development of relationship between social-economic activities and natural ecological environment. (4)The spatial distribution of coordination between economy and eco-environment in China appears aggregation model and its value was lower than the average in 1980.However, it has been developed to the both high and low aggregation patterns in 2010. (5) The development trend of coordination degree between economic society and ecological environment tend to be better, but the distribution in different region is very different and apparent. So the results suggest that the economy should be developed when protected ecological environment in western region, while the ecological maintaining and ecological restoration need to pay attention to when in the development of the economy in central and eastern region. It is still a long way to go for China''s economic development and ecological environment construction.
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