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陈威,周强,李欣,何国锋.不同水稻品种对虫害胁迫的生理响应.生态学报,2006,26(7):2161~2166 本文二维码信息
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不同水稻品种对虫害胁迫的生理响应
Physiological responses of different rice cultivars under herbivore stress
投稿时间:2005-03-07  修订日期:2006-03-10
DOI:
关键词水稻  化学防御  虫害胁迫  生理效应  时间效应
Key Wordsrice  chemical defense  herbivore stress  physiological effect  time effect
基金项目
作者单位
陈威 中山大学生物防治国家重点实验室广州 510275; 广东省粮食科学研究所广州 510310 
周强 中山大学生物防治国家重点实验室广州 510275 
李欣 中山大学生物防治国家重点实验室广州 510275 
何国锋 中山大学生物防治国家重点实验室广州 510275 
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摘要:
以褐飞虱-水稻为模式,研究虫害胁迫下植物的化学防御生理生态特征,测定了可溶性糖含量、叶绿素含量、光合速率、蒸腾速率、气孔导度以及细胞间隙二氧化碳浓度、防御酶的时间变化特征。结果表明,经虫害诱导,不同品种水稻可溶性糖含量降低;同时, 光合速率以及叶绿素含量也相应下降;蒸腾速率、气孔导度和细胞间隙二氧化碳浓度的变化不显著。虫害对水稻叶片多酚氧化酶、过氧化物酶和脂氧合酶均具有诱导作用。这种诱导作用具有时间效应,且不同品种诱导作用不一致。
Abstract:
The long-term co-evolution of plants and herbivores has lead to intricate chemical relationship within the plant secondary metabolites. When the plants are attacked by herbivores, they trigger specific defensive signals to synthesize a series of defensive substances and releases volatiles,which act directly or indirectly against herbivores. Furthermore, plant defensive substances are mainly derived from secondary metabolites under different biosynthetic pathways. There is a considerable variability and diversity in quantity and quality of these substances synthesized by herbivore damaged plants. This variability and diversity are determined not only by developmental period, organ or part attacked, but also by the period time of attack. It is well known that the substrates of plant secondary metabolites and defensive enzymes are all derived from primary metabolism, such as polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase, lipoxygenase. The allocation of carbohydrates between plant growth and defence may lead to variations in secondary metabolites of different species. Recently, there are many reports about physiological response of rice under adverse stress, especially, some research works have indicated that brown plant hopper and white-back plant hopper elicits rice burst response, but physiological response of different rice cultivars under herbivore stress at different time interval still needs to elucidated.
In this present study, rice-brown plant hopper was used as a model system for the study of plant chemical defense at physiological level in relation to time course changes of soluble sugar and chlorophyll contents, photosynthesis and transpiration rates, stomatal conductance, intercellular carbon dioxide concentration and defense enzymes. The results shows that soluble sugar contents decreased significantly in different rice cultivars infected by herbivore with a corresponding decrease in photosynthesis rate and chlorophyll contents. Non significant changes were observed with respect to transpiration rate, stomatal conductance and intercellular carbon dioxide concentration. Polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase and lipoxidase in the rice plant were induced by herbivore attack. Such induction was found to have time constraint, and were not consistent with different rice cultivars.
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