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高丽,朱清芳,闫志坚,王育青,侯向阳,戴雅婷.放牧对鄂尔多斯高原油蒿草场生物量及植被-土壤碳密度的影响.生态学报,2017,37(9):3074~3083 本文二维码信息
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放牧对鄂尔多斯高原油蒿草场生物量及植被-土壤碳密度的影响
Effects of grazing on plant biomass and the carbon density of vegetation and soil in the Artemisia ordosica shrubland of the Ordos Plateau
投稿时间:2016-01-14  修订日期:2016-10-18
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201601140091
关键词植物生物量  碳密度  油蒿  围封  放牧
Key Wordsplant biomass  carbon density  Artemisia ordosica  enclosed  grazed
基金项目国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2014CB138806);"十二五"国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAD13B07);国家国际科技合作专项项目(2013DFR30760);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金(1610332015008);农业部鄂尔多斯沙地草原生态环境重点野外科学观测试验站项目
作者单位E-mail
高丽 中国农业科学院草原研究所, 呼和浩特 010010;中国农业科学院研究生院, 北京 100081  
朱清芳 中国农业科学院草原研究所, 呼和浩特 010010  
闫志坚 中国农业科学院草原研究所, 呼和浩特 010010  
王育青 中国农业科学院草原研究所, 呼和浩特 010010  
侯向阳 中国农业科学院草原研究所, 呼和浩特 010010 houxy16@126.com 
戴雅婷 中国农业科学院草原研究所, 呼和浩特 010010  
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摘要:
以围封保护和自由放牧油蒿草场为研究对象,通过野外调查与室内分析,研究了围封和放牧条件下沙地草场生物量和植被-土壤碳密度。结果表明:(1)自由放牧使油蒿群落中植物种类增加,但降低了植物群落盖度。自由放牧不仅导致油蒿草场地上、地下总生物量降低,也使得油蒿地上、地下生物量占群落地上、地下总生物量的比例减小。生长季自由放牧样地凋落物生物量显著大于围封保护样地(P < 0.05);(2)围封保护样地植被碳密度大于自由放牧样地,土壤碳密度却小于自由放牧样地,但两个样地间差异不显著(P > 0.05);(3)油蒿草场90%以上的碳储存于土壤中,围封保护样地和自由放牧样地油蒿草场土壤碳密度占植被-土壤系统碳密度的91%、93%;(4)围封保护油蒿草场碳密度为2.29 kg/m2,自由放牧油蒿草场碳密度为2.68 kg/m2,两个样地间差异不显著,自由放牧对油蒿草场碳密度影响不大。
Abstract:
Plant biomass and the carbon density of vegetation and soil in enclosed and grazed Artemisia ordosica shrubland of the Ordos Plateau were studied in the field and in the laboratory. The results revealed that the grazed plots supported plant communities with a higher the number of species yet lower vegetation coverage than did the enclosure plots. Grazing, moreover, reduced the overall above-and below-ground biomass of plant communities, as well as the proportion of above-and below-ground biomass consisting of A. ordosica. Nevertheless, during the growing season the grazed plots produced significantly more litter biomass than did the enclosure plots (P < 0.05). When protected by enclosures, however, the carbon density of the vegetation was higher, whereas that of the soil was lower, than that under grazing; although their seasonal averages did not differ significantly between the two plot treatments (P > 0.05). Ninety percent of carbon storage was in the soil in A. ordosica shrubland. The percentages of carbon density of soil accounting for the vegetation-soil system were 91% in enclosed plot and 93% in grazed plot, respectively. The carbon density of A. ordosica shrubland was 2.29 kg/m2 in enclosed plot and 2.68 kg/m2 in grazed plot. Grazing had little impact on carbon density of vegetation-soil in A. ordosica shrubland.
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