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范育鹏,乔琦,方琳.产业生态系统新型定量研究方法综述.生态学报,2017,37(13):4599~4609 本文二维码信息
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产业生态系统新型定量研究方法综述
Review of innovative quantitative research methods for studying industrial ecosystems
投稿时间:2016-01-20  修订日期:2017-01-05
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201601200138
关键词定量分析  整合  产业生态系统  核算框架  弹性
Key Wordsquantitative analysis  integration  industrial ecosystem  accounting framework  resilience
基金项目国家自然科学基金项目(71373248)
作者单位E-mail
范育鹏 中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012  
乔琦 中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012 qiaoqi@craes.org.cn 
方琳 中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012  
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摘要:
产业生态系统研究已成为当今学术界、产业界的研究重点和热点,对于充分利用资源、减轻环境压力、改造升级传统产业都具有不可估量的科学指导意义。目前,国内外对产业生态系统的研究定性较多,包括概念,特点,建设原则和经营理念的描述,而定量较少。然而,产业生态系统在发展当中也出现了大量的实际问题,急需加强对其定量研究,从而发现、提高和改进产业生态系统的结构及效率,增强可持续性。从近些年生态学的先进理论成果入手探讨了定量研究产业生态系统的一些方法——能值、(火用)、生态足迹和生态信息的方法。对这些方法的理论基础、发展历程、实践应用和适用特点依次进行了详细的梳理和归纳,并基于3个基本原则(生态维度和经济维度的整合,系统长期的恢复力,系统的广度和强度性质)对各个方法进行了综合比较分析,旨在为产业生态系统研究提供方向和理论指导。
Abstract:
Industrial ecosystem is an artificial system established in industries under the guidance of the theory of industrial ecology. Similar to a natural ecosystem, an industrial ecosystem achieves circulation of materials and utilization of energy cascade through cooperation between the enterprises and the organizations within a certain range of time and space. Construction of a successful industrial ecosystem can use waste to replace raw materials, utilize energy extracted from nature, reduce raw material and energy consumption, and curtail waste management costs, resulting in economic and environmental benefits. Research on industrial ecosystems, both locally and internationally, has gained importance and has become vital for promoting sustainable development of the society. At the same time, research on industrial ecosystem has been promoted in many areas and fields. Results from these studies provide significant scientific guidance to our society in achieving social and economic development while making optimal use of resources, reducing environmental pressures, transforming the traditional industries into more advanced ones, and upgrading the industrial eco-efficient level. It is increasingly accepted that construction of an industrial ecosystem is the key to realizing a circular economy, and it is a practical and important tool for achieving sustainable development. However, there are a number of practical problems in developing an industrial ecosystem. To address these, there is an urgent need to strengthen the research inputs for industrial ecosystem, especially, in order to discover, enhance, and improve their structure and efficiency, and thus promote its sustainable development. At present, qualitative studies on industrial ecosystems are relatively more, and include studies on their concept, characteristics, construction principles, and business philosophy. Quantitative studies about the system mechanism are few, and many of these are conducted using the Index Evaluation System. This approach, especially for integration research on systems,has drawbacks. The essence of the management of industrial ecosystem is to regard and manage the economic activities and the natural environment as an organic whole, and to establish a new mode of management that integrates the ecological and the economic dimensions. Given these, this paper discusses four innovative quantitative methods to study industrial ecosystem from a systems perspective. These include emergy analysis, exergy method, ecological footprint, and ecological information analysis. The theoretical basis, development process, application, and characteristics of these methods are summarized in detail. Finally, based on the basic principles of the theory of industrial ecology (which are, 1. integration of ecological and economic dimensions, 2. the long term resilience of system, and 3. considering the extensive and intensive properties at the same time), we conducted a comprehensive comparison of these methods with an intent to provide direction and reference for future research on industrial ecosystems.
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