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杨薇,李晓晓,李铭,孙涛.基于Logistic回归模型的黄河三角洲淡水恢复湿地大型底栖生物种群分布模拟.生态学报,2017,37(22):7750~7759 本文二维码信息
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基于Logistic回归模型的黄河三角洲淡水恢复湿地大型底栖生物种群分布模拟
Macrobenthic species distribution modeling based on a binary logistic regression:a case study of freshwater restoration wetlands in the Yellow River Delta of China
投稿时间:2016-08-26  
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201608261739
关键词种群分布模型  逻辑斯蒂回归  大型底栖生物  淡水恢复湿地  黄河三角洲
Key Wordsspecies distribution model  logistic regression  macrobenthic  freshwater restoration wetlands  Yellow River Delta
基金项目国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)(2013CB430402);国家自然科学基金项目(51579012)
作者单位E-mail
杨薇 北京师范大学环境学院, 北京 100875 yangwei@bnu.edu.cn 
李晓晓 北京师范大学环境学院, 北京 100875  
李铭 北京师范大学环境学院, 北京 100875  
孙涛 北京师范大学环境学院, 北京 100875  
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摘要:
掌握大型底栖生物种群分布的时空变化对正确把握湿地生态修复效率、揭示湿地生态演替过程具有重要理论与实践意义。选择黄河三角洲地区一千二自然保护区的淡水恢复湿地为研究区,在2014-2015年大型底栖生物野外采样和优势物种的基础上,选择了琥珀刺沙蚕、中华蜾蠃蜚、摇蚊幼虫作为典型优势物种,构建了基于Logistic回归的淡水恢复湿地大型底栖生物种群分布模拟模型。其中,琥珀刺沙蚕和摇蚊幼虫的模拟结果较好,模拟准确率分别为84.9%和77.9%,而中华蜾蠃蜚的模拟结果不甚理想。对比生态补水前后大型底栖生物的模拟分布结果发现,琥珀刺沙蚕主要集中在潮间带区域,且在春、秋两季的生存概率分布差异不显著;而淡水恢复湿地中摇蚊幼虫的分布概率显著提高,其中高于分割值0.5的栖息面积增长了9.9-10.8倍,表明退化湿地生境正处于向淡水湿地演替进程中。
Abstract:
Studies on changes in the macrobenthic species distribution could help to understand the ecological restoration efficiency of wetlands and elucidate the ecological succession process. Based on the results of field samplings and species identification from 2014-2015 in the Yiqianer national nature reserves in the Yellow River Delta wetlands of China, in which freshwater release has been implemented since 2010, we selected three characteristic, dominant macrobenthic species, namely, Chironomidae species, Sinocorophium sinensis, and Alitta succinea, corresponding to freshwater species, euryhaline species and brine species, respectively. We selected salinity, pH, water moisture, total organic carbon (TOC), and median particle size of sediment as environmental variables. Based on the binary logistic regression approach, in which a binary variable (0/1) indicates whether the target species were found at the sampling sites, 80 groups of the field sampling data were used to calibrate the parameters of the distribution possibility model for the three species, whereas the other 20 groups were used to verify the simulated accuracy of models. Based on the simulated distribution possibility of the target species at the sampling sites, we spatialized their occurrence possibility using inverse distance weighted interpolation and characterized their changes on a regional scale. We found that the models for Chironomidae species and A. succinea corresponded well with the survey results and their precision rates reached 84.9% and 77.9%, respectively. In contrast, the accuracy of the simulated occurrence probability of S. sinensis reached only 26.7%, which may be because of the mobility traits of S. sinensis and small sampling data, and because the selected environmental variables could not cover the main limited survival factors for S. sinensis. The distribution possibility for A. succinea showed no significant difference between before and after freshwater release. In general, the distribution possibilities of A. succinea in the study region were lower than 0.55. Furthermore, the areas with distribution probabilities between 0.4 and 0.55 accounted for about 28.2% of the study region and were concentrated in the intertidal zone. The main high distribution possibility area for Chironomidae species was the freshwater restoration area with the implementation of freshwater release. The area with a distribution possibility > 0.5 for Chironomidae has increased 9.9-to 10.8-fold after the ecological restoration. Owing to the low accuracy of the simulated distribution possibility, we did not spatialize its occurrence possibility of S. sinensis on a regional scale. The steep increase in the occurrence possibility of Chironomidae species after freshwater release indicated that the restoration wetlands increasingly showed obvious freshwater characteristics, consistent with the significant reed growth and increase in the freshwater habitat patches observed during field investigation. Although the freshwater habitat succession was unpredictable owing to significant fluctuations with respect to release periods, we should take essential measures, such as continuous freshwater release, long-term monitoring system, quality improvement of released freshwater, and cost reduction and high frequency of freshwater release, to maintain the long and difficult transition.
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