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王雅敬,谢炳庚,李晓青,赵卫权,王金艳,罗海波.喀斯特地区耕地生态承载力供需平衡.生态学报,2017,37(21):7030~7038 本文二维码信息
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喀斯特地区耕地生态承载力供需平衡
Ecosystem carrying capacity balance of the Karst region in China, based on the supply and demand of cultivated land
投稿时间:2016-09-03  
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201609031797
关键词喀斯特  耕地  生态承载力  供需平衡  毕节市
Key WordsKarst  cultivated land  ecological carrying capacity  supply-demand balance  Bijie City
基金项目国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0502406);教育部人文社科重点研究基地重大项目(14JJD720016);2014年度"西部之光"人才培养计划项目"基于LUCC的贵州赤水河流域生态风险监测与评估"
作者单位E-mail
王雅敬 湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院, 长沙 410080;铜仁市国土资源局, 铜仁 554300  
谢炳庚 湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院, 长沙 410080 xbgyb@sina.com 
李晓青 湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院, 长沙 410080  
赵卫权 贵州科学院山地资源研究所, 贵阳 550004  
王金艳 铜仁市国土资源局, 铜仁 554300  
罗海波 铜仁市国土资源局, 铜仁 554300  
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摘要:
以喀斯特地区耕地生态承载力供需关系作为切入点,采用GIS软件和耕地生态足迹模型,在修正耕地产量因子的基础上构建喀斯特地区耕地生态承载力供需平衡指数,对以喀斯特地貌为主的毕节市2014年耕地生态足迹供需平衡现状进行分析评价。结果显示:(1)毕节市耕地生态足迹供需在空间分布上呈现北部盈余而南部超载的态势;(2)国内生产总值与耕地生态足迹供需平衡指数之间存在负相关关系;(3)耕地生态承载力供需平衡指数与潜在石漠化、轻度石漠化及中度石漠化面积占比之间存在负相关关系,与强度石漠化面积占比存在正相关关系;(4)全市8县(区)中, 4个县(区)耕地生态盈余,2个县耕地生态平衡,2个县耕地生态赤字,全市约75.28%的人口生活在耕地生态盈余区和平衡区,24.72%的人口生活在耕地生态赤字区。可为毕节市农业产业结构调整、生态安全预警、区域经济发展及土地利用总体规划编制提供决策依据。
Abstract:
The present study investigated the ecological carrying capacity of the Karst region in China, with regard to the relationship between the supply and demand of cultivated land. The study was performed by applying GIS software and the cultivated land ecological footprint method, and the ecological carrying capacity balance index of cultivated land was calculated using the corrected cultivated land production factor of Bijie City in 2014. The results indicated that (1) there is a surplus and deficit in the balance of cultivated land in northern and southern Bijie, respectively; (2) there is a negative correlation between gross domestic product and the cultivated land balance index; (3) there is a negative correlation between the cultivated land balance index and slightly and moderately rocky desertification but a positive correlation between the cultivated land balance index and intense rocky desertification; (4) and, of the eight counties in Bijie City, four possess an ecological surplus, two possess an ecological balance, and two possess an ecological deficit of cultivated land, with 75.28% of the city's population living in areas of ecological balance and surplus and 24.72% living in areas of ecological deficit. The results of the present study provide a basis for decision-making with regard to the adjustment of agricultural structure, early detection of ecological security issues, regional economic development, and land-use planning in Bijie City.
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