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江源通,田野,郑拴宁.海岛型城市生态安全格局研究——以平潭岛为例.生态学报,2018,38(3):769~777 本文二维码信息
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海岛型城市生态安全格局研究——以平潭岛为例
A study on urban ecosecurity pattern of island city: a case study of Pingtan Island
投稿时间:2016-11-21  
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201611212363
关键词平潭综合实验区  城市生态安全格局  海岛  城市化  大风环境
Key WordsPingtan Comprehensive Pilot Zone  urban ecosecurity pattern  island  urbanization  strong wind environment
基金项目国家自然科学基金项目(41401213);福建省自然科学基金青年基金项目(2014J05051)
作者单位E-mail
江源通 中国科学院城市环境研究所 城市环境与健康重点实验室, 厦门 361021
中国科学院大学, 北京 100049 
 
田野 中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所遥感科学国家重点实验室, 北京 100094  
郑拴宁 中国科学院城市环境研究所 城市环境与健康重点实验室, 厦门 361021 snzheng@iue.ac.cn 
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摘要:
在快速城市化带来的城市生态安全严重威胁着城市可持续发展的这一时代背景下,构建城市生态安全格局是实现区域和城市生态安全的基本保障和重要途径。结合平潭综合实验区总体规划,从城市生态安全角度出发,在对平潭岛生态环境本底条件的调研基础上,选取与平潭岛的城市生态安全关系密切的6个关键生态因子进行深入分析,并通过层次分析法和GIS空间叠置法综合多要素分析了平潭岛的生态敏感性,最终有针对性地提出了面向新一轮大规模城市开发热潮的平潭岛城市生态安全格局。研究成果可为平潭岛的城市开发建设提供决策支持,对维护平潭岛城市生态安全、促进平潭岛可持续发展具有重要的理论和现实意义,同时也对其它海岛型城市的生态安全格局研究具有一定的借鉴意义。
Abstract:
The world is undergoing the largest wave of urban growth in history. More than half of the world's population now lives in towns and cities, and the proportion of the global population in urban areas has increased conspicuously from 30% in 1950 to 54% in 2014. Urbanization is projected to increase even further to 60% in 2030. Though the process of urbanization provides comfortable and convenient living conditions for human beings, it also makes our country face a series of serious urban ecological security issues (such as environmental pollution and diminishing resources) because of the high-intensity of human activities and unreasonable land use. Nowadays, urban ecological security brought by the rapid urbanization is posing a serious threat to urban sustainable development. Against this background, constructing the urban ecological security pattern is the basic guarantee and important way to realize regional and urban ecological security. Based on the eco-environmental background conditions of Pingtan Island, this study first investigated the perspective of urban ecological security and considered the overall plan of Pingtan Comprehensive Pilot Zone to better understand six key ecological sensitive factors that were closely related to the urban ecological security of Pingtan Island. These six key ecological sensitive factors were drinking water resources, coastal shelterbelt, scenic spots and forest parks, natural mountain, cultivated land, and coastline resources. Thereafter, a comprehensive evaluation model was established by the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and geographical information system (GIS) spatial overlay method to comprehensively evaluate the ecological sensitivity of Pingtan Island. The specific analysis process was as follows:First, an evaluation index system of Pingtan Island's ecological sensitivity by means of data collection, field investigation, remote sensing image interpretation and analysis, and expert reviews was established. These indices were classified according to their sensitivity. Second, the judgment matrix was constructed and consistency checks were performed in accordance with the AHP method, then the weight of each index was calculated according to the square root method. Finally, considering that scenic spots covered with natural mountain forest have the highest ecological sensitivity, and that other areas may not be ecologically sensitive or may be insensitive, the Pingtan Island was divided into five grades (extreme sensitivity, high sensitivity, moderate sensitivity, low sensitivity, and insensitive grades) according to their respective ecological sensitivity indices. We propose an ecological security pattern for Pingtan Island in order to adapt to the new round of large-scale urban development boom, and this pattern is mainly composed of ecological security barrier ring, ecological water system, ecological conservation area, ecological coastal zone, urban construction area, and the ecological promotion area. These components play different roles in maintaining ecological safety on Pingtan Island, and they must be rationally developed and utilized on the basis of their respective functions. Generally, the results of this study would help to provide decision support for urban planning, and could be of great theoretical and practical significance to maintain Pingtan Island's ecological security and promote the sustainable development of Pingtan Island. Moreover, these results may also be useful for ecosecurity pattern research on other island cities.
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