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李兰,李锋.“海绵城市”建设的关键科学问题与思考.生态学报,2018,38(7):2599~2606 本文二维码信息
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“海绵城市”建设的关键科学问题与思考
The key scientific issues and thinking on the construction of “Sponge City”
投稿时间:2017-04-22  修订日期:2017-11-18
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201704220730
关键词海绵城市  城市内涝  雨洪管理  生态系统服务  “SPONGE”框架
Key Wordssponge city  urban waterlogging  storm water management  ecosystem service  “Sponge City” framework
基金项目国家自然科学基金重点资助项目(71533004,71734006);国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFC0502800)
作者单位E-mail
李兰 中国科学院生态环境研究中心, 城市与区域生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100085
延边大学湿地研究中心, 延吉 133000 
 
李锋 中国科学院生态环境研究中心, 城市与区域生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100085
中国科学院大学, 北京 100049 
lifeng@rcees.ac.cn 
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摘要:
"海绵城市"是学术界、政府和企业界特别关注的热点之一,具有有效防止城市雨洪灾害、改善水生态和水环境、提高生物多样性等多方面的服务功能,有助于城市社会经济发展。在目前全国范围内发生城市内涝的严重情况下,科学地进行"海绵城市"建设显得尤为重要。对"海绵城市"的研究背景、概念与内涵、建设途径、主要技术、国内发展现状等进行了总结和归纳,并提出"海绵城市"建设的关键科学问题,并进行深入思考,建立"SPONGE"框架来概括整个"海绵城市"的建设内容,为今后的"海绵城市"研究和建设提供参考。
Abstract:
"Sponge City" has emerged as a hot scientific and governmental research topic given its ability to effectively control disasters resulting from urban storm water and flooding. "Sponge City" not only supplies groundwater and addresses water shortages but also improves urban water environments, biodiversity, and urban landscapes, all of which contribute to the development of an urban economy and society. Accordingly, "Sponge City" has become a principal force in the new generation of urban construction projects. The scientific construction of a "Sponge City" has become especially important in light of the recent urban flooding in the country. This paper summarizes the background, concept, and connotation of "Sponge City" construction, its relationship with ecological infrastructure, its construction route, and its main technology. We identified several key scientific issues and a construction perspective for "Sponge City" based on four aspects, including improving the ecosystem services of "Sponge City," identifying valuation indicators and establishing a management system, and promoting awareness. This paper identified issues related to the construction of "Sponge City" and examines how its contents must be improved in the future. We also advanced the overall framework of "SPONGE," which includes service, participation, organization, natural ecology, green infrastructure, and ecological pattern. The key contents and vital parts of a "Sponge City" are generalized from this framework, which is expected to provide important materials for further research on this topic.
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