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何志斌,赵文智,刘鹄,苏永中.祁连山青海云杉林斑表层土壤有机碳特征及其影响因素.生态学报,2006,26(8):2572~2577 本文二维码信息
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祁连山青海云杉林斑表层土壤有机碳特征及其影响因素
Characteristic of Picea crassifolia forest soil organic carbon and relationship with environment factors in the Qilian Mountain
投稿时间:2005-05-15  最后修改时间:2005-10-30
DOI:
关键词soil organic carbon  patch  Picea crassifolia forest  Qilian Mountain
Key Wordssoil organic carbon  patch  Picea crassifolia forest  Qilian Mountain
基金项目
作者单位
何志斌 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,临泽内陆河流域综合研究站,流域水文及应用生态实验室,兰州,730000 
赵文智 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,临泽内陆河流域综合研究站,流域水文及应用生态实验室,兰州,730000 
刘鹄 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,临泽内陆河流域综合研究站,流域水文及应用生态实验室,兰州,730000 
苏永中 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,临泽内陆河流域综合研究站,流域水文及应用生态实验室,兰州,730000 
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摘要:
以祁连山青海云杉林斑为研究对象,调查获得林斑的水文、土壤、植被数据,分析了表层(0~20cm)土壤有机碳特征及其与地形、植被和土壤特性的关系。结果表明:青海云杉林斑表层土壤有机碳含量的平均值为(84.9±26.7)g/kg,变异系数31.5%。有机碳含量与土壤含水量、海拔、土壤容重和灌木生物量呈显著正相关关系,而与林木郁闭度呈显著负相关关系。此外,人工采伐形成的林窗斑块 (面积0.02~0.12 hm2)和半阴坡小斑块林地(面积0.17~0.89hm2),其斑块面积大小并未明显影响土壤有机碳含量的变化。经主成分分析表明,海拔和土壤含水量是影响土壤有机碳含量的第一主成分,林木郁闭度是第二主成分,灌木生物量是第三主成分,累计解释率为83.8%。
Abstract:
Soil organic carbon, the main part of terrestrial carbon pool, plays an important role in terrestrial carbon cycle, and is one of the most important components in the research of global change. This paper aims to analyze soil organic carbon content (SOC) distribution patterns of the Picea crassifolia forest patches in Qilian Mountain and to determine which factors affect those patterns. We have investigated the relationships between edaphic environmental factors (soil, forest floor, topography, and canopy) and understory vegetation (composition and biomass) among 67 plots representing four major patch types which include: (1) big forest patch in the shady slope; (2) small forest patches in the semi-shady slope; (3) forest gaps; and (4) grassland in the sunny slope. The area of each plot is 10m×10m, and the data of elevation, slope grade, plant cover, biomass, canopy density and diameter at breast height of Picea crassifolia in the each plot have been estimated. Soil samples have been taken and analyzed in the laboratory for SOC content, nitrogen, moisture, and bulk density. The results indicate that the average SOC content is (84.9±26.7)g/kg in the surface layer (020cm depth) of soil under Picea crassifolia forest patches. The SOC content is significantly greater under shade forest patch ((101.6±31.8)g/kg) compared to the semi-shade forest patches ((64.2±10.3)g/kg) and sunny slope grassland ((23.2±5.6)g/kg). Correlation analysis shows that SOC content is positively correlated with elevation, soil water content, soil bulk density and shrub biomass, and negatively correlated with canopy density of Picea crassifolia forest; the patch areas of forest gaps (0.020.12hm2) and smaller forest patches (0.170.89hm2) in the semi-shady slope have not significant effect on SOC content. Further principal component analysis shows that elevation and soil water content are the first principal component affecting SOC content, followed by the canopy density of Picea crassifolia forest and shrub biomass, which account for 83.8% of the variance of SOC content.
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